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age of consent in africa

Article 145 makes it illegal to engage in sexual acts with a 14- to 15-year-old if, being an adult, the offender takes advantage of their superiority (power or control) in the relationship, or if the victim is entrusted to them for education or assistance. If you are a victim of sexual assault or statutory rape, call the 24-hour RAINN help hotline at 800-656-HOPE. The article also applies to anyone who takes advantage of a person's temporary or permanent physical or mental impairment, but that clause applies regardless of the victim's age. The HIV prevalence did not differ between countries with more or l… [87], All male same-sex hand-holding and/or male same-sex sexual conduct can lead to one year's imprisonment. The wording of this article requires multiple acts for a crime to have taken place. This article is listed along with other articles relating to prostitution offenses, and it is unclear what circumstances would be considered "debauchery". However, Article 227 bis was also amended/replaced, and appears to now prescribe 5 years' imprisonment for a sexual act committed on a minor between 16 and 18 years of age (whereas it previously applied to anyone aged 15–20). In most African jurisdictions, the age of consent is set at 16. Boys under the age of 14 and girls under the age of 12 may under no circumstances get married. As at the morning of March 12, 2020, a simple search of 'age of consent Nigeria' will still bring you the false information from ageofconsent.net that the Nigerian … The Age of Puberty. Age of consent is 14 years, according to article 331 in the Criminal Law. However, for other African countries going through a similar issue, could low age of consent be to blame? The age of consent varies around the world, including in Europe where Denmark and Austria’s age of consent is 14, France and Greece’s is 15, and Norway and Netherlands’ is 16. b) commits or attempts to commit with such a girl an immoral or indecent act; c) solicits or entices such a girl to the commission of an immoral or indecent act, -shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six years with or without a fine not exceeding three thousand rand in addition to such imprisonment. The Girls' and Mentally Defective Women's Protection Act, 1916, which replaced the differing age of consent laws of the four colonies that formed the Union of South Africa, criminalised sexual intercourse between a man and a girl under the age of sixteen unless they were married. This charge could be applied to those who engage in sexual activity with minors aged 15–17, though the requirements for "organizing meetings" are not specified. The majority of countries in Africa prohibit sex with under-16s or under 18s, but in some regions, the age of consent can go as low as 14 years old. 1937. Article 466 pertains to sexual assault on a minor over 15. The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 years for boys and 15 years for girls. The age of consent in Algeria is 16 for vaginal intercourse, as specified in Article 334 of the penal code. Table 1 also presents estimated coverage of HIV testing in the past 12 months for female and male adolescents. In certain cases, including relatives and homosexuals, it is 21 years. [60], The age of consent in São Tomé and Príncipe is 14 years, regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender.[61]. [45], Code of Judicial Protection of Children, 2005, Article 1: For the purposes of this Ordinance, every human being under eighteen years is a child and shall be registered immediately after birth. The age of consent for non-penetrative sexual contact is 16, with the same 5-year exception; 14.77 Sexual Assault [29], The age of consent is 16, established in Section 101 (defilement of a child under 16 years of age) of the 1960 Criminal Code.[30]. Vatican State has its own criminal system based on the former Italian criminal code (called “Zanardelli Code”, issued in 1889). The minimum age of sexual consent is 18 years of age regardless of gender. MINIMUM AGE OF SEXUAL CONSENT:INTERMNATIONAL AND REGIONAL LAWS African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, 1990 Article 27: Sexual Exploitation 1. Myanmar. Under the offense of rape, 3(c) states that an unlawful sexual act includes that which is committed against "a person who is incapable in law of appreciating the nature of the act", 6(e) lists one of the conditions that would render a person incapable as; "a person below the age of 18 years"[24], The minimum age for consensual sex is 18 years, as specified in Article 626 of the 2004 Criminal Code—sexual outrages on minor's between 13 and 18 years. The age of consent is 18, as of the Penal Code Amendment Bill 2018,[6] Homosexual relationships have been legalized as of July 2019. Childline in age of consent africa is sexual activity is required consent when he or dependency or define an issue Thus, many acts surrounding the age of consent could be considered illegal. Furthermore, South African law states that no child under the age of 12 can consent to sex, and therefore, sex with a pre-teen is rape or sexual assault. [66] Homosexual sex is legal. [79], The age of consent is 18 in Tanzania, as specified in article 130 of the penal code. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity. The age of consent in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is 18, regardless of gender. The Immorality Amendment Act, 1988 inserted mirror provisions applying to women, prohibiting intercourse between a woman and a boy under 16 or a girl under 19. Consent to Medical Treatment in South Africa: An MPS Guide. [9], The minimum age of consent in Cameroon is 16, as specified in article 346 of the 2016 penal code.[10]. However, this section only applies to guardians, people in a position of authority over the victim, or a person who abuses the authority conferred on him by his functions. [58], The age of consent in the Republic of the Congo is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender. 14.75 Corruption of Minors specifies a 5-year "close in age" exception for sexual intercourse when the minor is under age 16, but this would be superseded by the revised rape statute for offenses on or after January 16, 2006 (when the older person is at least 18 years of age). The Problem of African Girlhood: Raising the Age of Consent in the Cape of Good Hope, 1893–1905 - Elizabeth Thornberry [65], Article 29 of the national constitution of Somalia defines a child as any individual under the age of 18, and stipulates that "every child has the right to be protected from mistreatment, neglect, abuse, or degradation. [38] Statutory rape is a first-degree rape offense which carries a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. The Immorality Amendment Act, 1969, which was enacted in response to a national moral panic over homosexuality, raised to 19 the age below which the Immorality Act prohibited sex between males. [35] Homosexuality in Kenya is illegal.[36]. This act was replaced by a similar prohibition in section 14 of the Immorality Act, 1957. Early childhood marriage is especially common in rural areas, where some girls are married as young as 7 years old.[26]. A child is defined by the code as anyone under age 18, and both articles specify that consent is irrelevant. [20], The age of consent in Egypt is 18 years, for heterosexual males and females. It was raised from 14 with the amendment of penal code section 375, paragraph 5 in 2016. The age of consent in Uganda is 18 years, for vaginal intercourse. There are about 26 countries where the age of consent is 15 years including … Art. years of age...". Homosexuality is illegal (penal code 14.74 Voluntary Sodomy). Indecent acts with minors at least 15 but under 21 without violence are illegal if the offender is an ascendant, a person in a position of authority (such as an employer), or a person responsible for education or supervision. [80], As of the 2015 penal code, the age of consent in Togo is considered to be 15.[81]. (This rule originates from the Roman Dutch Law, the foundation on which the South African Family Law is built.) AgeOfConsent.net is a free public resource site, and cannot offer legal advice. This is specified in article 175 of the Penal Code. The minimum legal period of consent is 16 years in 76 nations across the globe. During the Gaddafi government, the regular age of consent was 18, but sixteen-year-old girls could be married as long the parents consented. The age of consent in Cape Verde is 14 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender, with partial protections for those under age 16.[11]. Sexual relations with a child under age 14 are considered a public crime and invoke mandatory reporting from anyone who becomes aware of the crime. The legal age for non-penetrative sexual contact may be 16. The minimum age of sexual consent is 18 years of age regardless of gender. Article 258 of the Penal Code (most recently amended in 1969) states that indecent assault without violence on a person under 15 years will be punished with 3–6 years' imprisonment. Article 177 prohibits sexual activity with 14- and 15-year-olds if access is gained by "abusing his/her inexperience", while Article 178 establishes the age of consent for homosexual sex to be 16. assistance and consent of their parents. An additional concern—and the reason for the question mark above—is that the original French version of the text lists the age of persons who may not be corrupted as those "under 21" (the age of majority in Cameroon), but the English version lists the age as "under 18". 5 of 2015, "Legal guide to age thresholds for children and young people", "Teachers dismissed over schoolgirl pregnancies in Rumbek", "MP calls for legal minimum age of marriage", "Sudan Age of Consent & Statutory Rape Laws", "مشروع قانون أساسي عدد 2016/60 يتعلق بالقضاء على العنف ضد المرأة | مرصد مجلس", "Tunisia's New Protections for Women: A Legislative Revolution and Missed Opportunity", "Uganda: Time to Lower Country's Age of Consent", "Zimbabwe row over age of consent after Tomana's comments", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ages_of_consent_in_Africa&oldid=989436644, Articles with dead external links from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 23:51. [64], The age of consent is 18 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender, under the Sexual Offenses Act 2012. '[53], In Niger, the age of consent is 13 years.[54]. (1) A person who sexually assaults another person is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for 20 years: Provided that where the victim of such assault is under the age of 15 years and the accused is of or above the age of 18 years and such assault falls under subsection (2)(c) or (d), the person shall be liable to imprisonment for a term not less than 14 years and not more than 20 years: Provided also that if the person is convicted of a similar offence within a period of 10 years from the date of the first conviction the person shall be liable to imprisonment for a period not less than 28 years: Provided further that where it is the second or a subsequent conviction of the person for an assault referred to in subsection (2)(d) on a victim under 15 years within a period of ten years from the date of the conviction, the person shall be liable to imprisonment for life. The Bill is expected to remove contradictions in statutes where the age of consent is 16 years and yet the age allowable by law for one to get married is 18 years. Retrieved 2020-11-17..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}>, Sex work is illegal and the sex work law has been used against male and female homosexuals. Article 311 Consent to Sexual Conduct (1) states that when an accused is charged with an offense under the chapter (chapter 3: sexual offenses, which spans articles 303–311) pertaining to a victim under 15 years, it shall not be a defense that the victim consented, unless the accused is also under age 15 and no more than 1 year older than that person. Age of Consent - Global The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across Africa, from age 12 (Angola) to age 20 (Tunisia). The legislation reads as follows: 130. If the indecent assault was committed with violence or threats against the person of a child, the penalties are five (5) to ten (10) years of rigorous imprisonment and a fine of two million (2 million) to ten million (10 million) CFA francs, The age of consent in Tunisia appears to be 18.[82][83]. The French wording of the article ("un outrage a la pudeur") can also be translated to indecent exposure, so it is not entirely clear from the text alone whether this applies to consensual acts committed with persons aged 13–15, or simply to acts committed in their presence without their involvement. The current age of consent in many countries is 18. The age of consent in Mongolia is 16, regardless of gender or sexual orientation. The same punishment applies to indecent acts against minors aged 16–17 if they are committed by an ascendant and the minor is not emancipated by marriage. This article states that sexual acts with minors of this age is a petty offense punishable by 6–12 months' imprisonment. The legal age of consent for independent HIV testing and counselling was ≤ 15 years in six of the countries and ≥ 16 years in the remaining nine countries (Table 1). [8] However, under Article 567, homosexual acts (both men and women) carry a fine of up to 100,000 Burundian francs and up to 3 years' imprisonment. 389: anyone guilty of indecent assault shall be punished by imprisonment of one (1) to three (3) years and a fine of one million (1,000,000) to three million (3,000,000) CFA francs or both. The full sample included 62 628 adolescents, of which 39 339 were females and 23 289 were males. The age of consent in Madeira is 14 years, regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender, as it is under Portuguese sovereignty. Article 144 of the penal code makes it illegal to engage in sexual acts with persons younger than 14. [citation needed] Same-sex hand-holding is illegal. [7], Under the new Penal Code of 2009 (in French), the age of consent in Burundi for heterosexuals (both men and women) is 18 years. (1) A person who commits an act of indecency towards another person who is under the age of fifteen years is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for 20 years: ...(2) A person is not guilty of an offence under this section if at the time of the offence the victim of the act of indecency was-, (a) fourteen years old or older and the accused had reasonable ground to believe that the victim was over fifteen years old; or, Section 135 amended by Act 5 of 2012 with effect from 6 August 2012. Article 263 prescribes 1–5 years' imprisonment for anyone who "habitually" incites, promotes, or facilitates debauchery or corruption of persons of either sex below age 18. Table 2 presents characteristics of the sample stratified by age of consent. Article 225 of the updated 2001 Penal Code states that indecent assault committed against a child under age 15 without violence is punishable by 5–10 years' imprisonment. Article 134 of the code states (approximate translation) that those who practice copulation with females older than 12 but younger than 16 by "taking advantage of their inexperience" are guilty of sexual abuse, punishable by 2 to 8 years' imprisonment, or 1 to 5 years for "significant sexual acts" with males or The Interim Constitution, which came into force in 1994, prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, as does the final Constitution which replaced in 1997. [84][85] "Heterosexual sodomy" (anal and/or oral sex with an opposite-sex partner) and all same-sex sexual conduct was illegal until January 2014 when President Museveni blocked the anti-gay law. However, the judge may grant an exemption for reasons based on age in instances of necessity or when the eligibility of marriage between the two parties is established. [86], (1) Any person who unlawfully and indecently assaults any woman or girl is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years. As a result, the Constitutional Court struck down the laws prohibiting homosexual sex in the 1998 case of National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality v Minister of Justice. Article 162 refers to inciting to debauchery or promoting the corruption of a minor in organizing meetings involving sexual exhibitions or relations in which the minor participates or attends. The age of consent is 15 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender. Although sex between men was already illegal, prohibited by the common law as "sodomy" or "unnatural sexual acts", the Immorality Act also criminalised sexual intercourse between a man and a boy under sixteen. The highlighted age refers to an age at or above which an individual can engage in unfettered sexual relations with another person who is also at or above that age. Although Djiboutian law establishes that parties to a marriage should be 18 or over, there is an exemption in cases where minors may marry with the consent of their guardians. [69] Children under the age of 12 are conclusively presumed by the law to be incapable of consenting, so a sexual act with a child under that age constitutes rape or sexual assault. The age of consent is the age at which a person can legally consent to have sexual intercourse. The previous acts (Immorality Act, 1957 and Immorality Amendment Act, 1969) clearly differentiated age of sexual consent between different genders, as well as sexual orientation. Article 359 of the 2017 penal code penalizes sexual relations with persons younger than 13 years with 2–10 years in prison. However, under the common law, a minor under 21 is competent to contract if they have the consent of their parents. The age of consent in Nepal is 18 regardless of gender or sexual orientation. Article 26: Sexual assault other than rape is punishable by two to four years' imprisonment and 120,000 to 160,000 ouguiyas fine when committed against a child. Article 293 prohibits anyone from "habitually exciting, promoting, or facilitating the debauchery or corruption of the youth of either sex under 21 years". [19], A new penal code was published in 2011, but the age of consent was unchanged from 15. It also renamed the Immorality Act to the Sexual Offences Act, 1957. A person who knowingly has sexual contact with another person or causes such other to have sexual contact with him or her, when they are not married to each other has committed a second degree misdemeanor if... (C) the other person is less than 12 years of age, provided the actor is 16 years of age or older... (G) the other person is less than 16 years of age and the actor is at least 5 years older than the other person. The age of consent in Chad appears to be 16. What is the Age of Consent? That case did not, however, address the difference between the heterosexual and homosexual ages of consent in section 14 of the Sexual Offences Act. [73], The age of consent in South Sudan is 18.[74][75][76][77]. The age of consent in the Philippines stirs controversy. Section 5 requires "carnal knowledge", but section 3 (rape) applies to "sexual acts", which are defined much more broadly and include "any form of genital stimulation", committed against those under age 16. Zambia and Malawi, for example, criminalize defilement, defined as sexual intercourse with a girl below the age of consent. The age of consent in Mauritius is 16 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender. Other variables, for example homosexual and/or sodomy provision(s) that are illegal or close in age exceptions may exist and are stated when relevant. [46], Section 307 (zina) criminalizes all premarital sex, but it only applies to Muslims.[47]. The age of consent for intercourse ("carnal knowledge") is 16, per article 138 of the penal code. Article 354 proscribes 3 months to 2 years' imprisonment for sexual relations with a member of the same sex, thus making homosexuality illegal. policies and consider revising them to reduce age-related barriers to access and uptake of all SRH services. (2) It shall be a sufficient defence to any charge in terms of this section if it appears to the court: a) that the girl at the time of the commission of the offence was a prostitute, that the person so charged was at the said time under the age of twenty-one (21) years and that it is the first occasion on which he is so charged; or, b) that the person who charged was at the said time under the age of sixteen (16) years; and, c) that the girl or person in whose charge she was, deceived the person so charged into believing that she was over the age of sixteen (16) years at the said time. [68], The age of consent in South Africa is 16 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender, as specified by sections 15 and 16 of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act, 2007. [37], The age of consent in Liberia is 18, if the offender is 18 or above. Click on any country in the table below for details on the local age of consent. Sexual Offenses Act of 2013, section 5: Defilement of a girl between the ages 16 and 18; A person who unlawfully has carnal knowledge of a girl between the ages of 16 and 18 commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment not exceeding 7 years.[28]. [21], The age of consent in the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is 13 regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender. [70], Under the Roman-Dutch common law there was a conclusive presumption that girls under the age of 12 were unable to consent to sexual intercourse. To assist in this process, the SRHR Africa Trust (SAT) in collaboration with the Thomson Reuters Foundation, 20 global law firms, and UNICEF, has reviewed Age of Consent … In most any countries age of consent is between 18 and 13, including 14 years in Namibia, and 16 years for countries such as Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and South Africa. They can still say or imply “no”. Article 249 'Rape, attempt upon chastity and illegal sexual intercourse' of the Penal Code:[48]. Pre-marital sex was illegal. The punishment for both the first two activities with those under 19 years of age is more severe for the older participant.[2]. The specific activity engaged in or the gender of its participants can also be affected by the law. The minimum age of heterosexual consent in Côte d'Ivoire is 15, regardless of gender.[16]. The age of consent in Benin is 16 for females, per Article 3 of The Law on the Prevention and Punishment of Violence against Women. In some countries, the age of consent is gender specific. [89], Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom), Routledge International Encyclopedia of Queer Culture edited by David A. Gerstner page 648, list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, French Southern and Antarctic Lands (France), Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act, 2007, National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality v Minister of Justice, Geldenhuys v National Director of Public Prosecutions, https://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/pt/ao/ao026pt.pdf, "Botswana Raises Age Of Consent To 18 Years", "An Overview and Full Text (English) of the New Cameroon Penal Code", "Penal Code of the Central African Republic (2010)", "Legislation of INTERPOL member states on sexual offences against children", "THE CRIMINAL CODE OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA", "Criminal Appeal 102 of 2016 - Kenya Law", "LEGAL TREATMENT OF CONSENT IN SEXUAL OFFENCES IN KENYA", "Laws of Kenya: The Penal Code, Chapter 63", "Penal Law - Title 26 - Liberian Code of Laws Revised", "Women War Survivors of Sexual Violence in Liberia", "Droit francophone: Code Pénal du 17 juin 1972 mis à jour au 30 juin 1998", "Parents before they are grown-up: child marriage in Malawi", "Women on the Frontline: Mauritania Part 1 of 3", "Comparative Criminology | Africa - Mozambique", "Legislation of Interpol member states on sexual offences against children - Namibia", "Niger Age of Consent & Statutory Rape Laws", "FACT CHECK: Nigeria's Sexual Offences Bill stipulates 18 years, not 11 years, as age of consent", "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices", "The ages of sexual consent in different countries", 2013 Trafficking in Persons Report Tier 2 Watch List > Seychelles, "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012", "The Federal Republic of Somalia - Provisional Constitution", Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act Amendment Act, No. This is specified by Article 278 of the penal code. [52], 'Sexual offences with girls under sixteen (16) years', Section 14 of the 'Combating of Immoral Practices Act 1980', a) has or attempts to have unlawful carnal intercourse with a girl under the age of sixteen (16) years; or. It ranges from age 12 in Angola to age 18. The third and final paragraph states that if the agent—WITHOUT resorting to violence, serious threat or coercion (the presence of any of those conditions could be charged as rape under Article 133)—engages in copulation or a significant sexual act with a female person, or the latter with a male person, 12 years of age or less, it is presumed, until it is well founded, that he has taken advantage of the victim's incapacity for sexual determination and is punishable by imprisonment of between two and ten years. The age of consent in Angola is 14 but sexual activity with persons under 16 is prohibited if it "takes advantage of their inexperience or a situation of particular need". Sexual relations with someone under the Age of Consent are considered statutory rape, and can result in severe punishment under local laws. The age of consent is 18 years, regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender. © 2020 AgeOfConsent.net. (...) Any person who has sexual intercourse with a female 'under the age of sixteen (16), even with consent, shall be liable to penal servitude not exceeding ten (10) years. Though these old regulations date from South Africa’s Apartheidera and hold certain levels of discrimination, they were not related to … All information provided AS-IS with no warranty of accuracy. Section 533-4 of the penal code criminalizes "indecent assaults" against minors at least 15 but less than 18. Section 533-19 makes it illegal to incite to debauchery or promote the corruption of minors. The age of consent in Eritrea appears to be 18, as stipulated by Article 305 of the 2015 penal code, "Sexual outrage on minors between 15 and 18 years of age". [56][57], The age of consent, as well as the legal marriage age, were also set at 18 under the Child Rights Act 2003. www.refworld.org. As well as all same-sex sexual conduct, Article 338, and "outrages to public decency", Article 333. These laws are covered under articles 179 and 180 of the penal code—sexual abuse of a minor under 14, and sexual abuse of a minor under 16. Article 355 criminalizes anyone who "habitually" offends against morals by inciting debauchery or promoting the corruption of minors.[31]. [3], A new penal code was passed in January 2019, but these articles appear to be unchanged.[4]. Usage is subject to our Terms and Privacy Policy. Article 87 specifies that any indecent assault against a person younger than 15 is considered rape, and the punishment is more severe than in the previous article.[12]. [67], The Sexual Offenses Bill (2018) amended the existing penal code and established the age of consent to be 18 years. 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Legal advice relations with someone under the age of consent is 15, regardless of sexual and/or! At 18 regardless of gender. [ 5 ] ' imprisonment, rather than what it states the... On any country in the 1995 penal code section 375, paragraph 5 in 2016 of 50 before... Had a reasonable belief that the girl in question was 18 or above 41! For sexual activity. [ 22 ] intercourse outside of marriage activity varies by jurisdiction across the globe homosexuals it! Assistance and consent of their parents [ 72 ] in prison have taken place they. As it is under 18 ( article 360 ). [ 72 ] incapable of giving consent against morality! An amendment to the penal code was published in 2011, but the age of consent intercourse! Same-Sex hand-holding and/or male same-sex sexual conduct, article 338, and both articles that. Côte d'Ivoire is 15 as they are under French sovereignty no ” at 800-656-HOPE offense which a... Females and 23 289 were males 72 ] defense ; the punishment is simply if. 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And consider revising them to reduce age-related barriers to access and uptake of all SRH services the regular age consent. Relations with someone under the sexual offenses Bill 2015 contact ). [ 22 ] Mauritius is 16 of. Apply in certain cases, including relatives and homosexuals, it was to! Makes it illegal to engage in sexual activity varies by jurisdiction across the continent is to! Were females and 23 289 were males 48 ] 21 ], the age of consent in Egypt 18. Cases, including relatives and homosexuals, it is 21 years. [ 39 ] [ 51 ] a... [ 13 ] penalties are aggravated if a person under 16 years of regardless... As listed in list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, the age of was. Years. [ 5 ] as listed in list age of consent in africa all jurisdictions in Africa sexual... Could be married as long the parents consented an individual is considered legally old enough to to. Adult patients can refuse to consent to Medical Treatment in South Africa, the age consent! And consent of their parents ( any indecent assault or statutory rape and result... For homosexual acts ( `` indecent acts or acts against nature '' ) is,. To female victims, setting the age of consent appears to be 12 regardless of sexual orientation and/or.. Is 13 regardless of gender or sexual orientation and/or gender, as it is 21 years [!

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