Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; Women, Infant and Child Program; Child and Adult Care Food Program), Public-private partnerships with local farmer’s markets, Advocate for school subsidies to support free/reduced price breakfast and lunches for school-age children. The essentials of master’s education for advanced practice nursing. Health, United States, 2011 with Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Moving upstream: Policy strategies to address social, economic, and environmental conditions that shape health inequities. Join our team, and together, we’ll find new … Simply, the very foundation of professional nursing is rooted in the fundamental concern for the social, emotional, and physical needs of the poor and disadvantaged in society (Neumann, 2010). Food insecurity and health outcomes. Select Social Determinants of Health, Potential Impactful Social Policies and Nurse Advocacy Opportunities, Child and Youth Education and Development, Critical period in a child’s development of personality, cognition, language, and behavior, Establishes a solid and broad foundation for lifelong learning and well-being, Children with low SES backgrounds experience increased physical, social, emotional, language, cognitive and behavioral delays, Delayed ECE is linked to depression, attention deficits, and poor academic achievement in later school years, Maternal, Infant and Child Home Visiting Programs, Early Childhood Education (pre-school/pre-K) Programs, Partner with ECE professionals to support ECE funding/ programs, Support universal access to quality and affordable childcare education/ services, Support high-quality free ECE for low- and middle-income families, Support publicly funded center-based programs for children 3-5 years of age, (Kirkpatrick, McIntyre, & Potestio, 2010; Osypuk, Joshi, Geronimo, & Acevedo-Garcia, 2014; Wicks-Lim & Arno, 2017), Condition in which a child lacks basic resources such as food, clothing, and shelter that may inhibit social, emotional, language, cognitive, and behavioral development, Children experience poverty as an environment that is damaging to their mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual development, The majority of poverty-stricken children are born to poor parent(s), The major cause of child poverty is adult poverty fueled by low education attainment, unemployment, housing instability, and food insecurity and single parent/caregiver households, Childhood poverty produces negative impacts on education, nutrition/health, psychological, and behavioral/social outcomes that persists into adulthood and subsequent generations, Programs to increase parent/caregiver education attainment /employment opportunities, Policies to supplement parental/caregiver household income (e.g., Federal Earned Income Tax Credits), Educational development opportunities for parent/caregivers, Universal child health benefits/insurance, Support policies/programs to address adult/child poverty, Support programs that expand economic opportunities for disadvantaged/ rural girls, Influence policy dialogue on poverty reduction to include children’s experience of poverty, in addition to the associated negative economic and social impacts, (Aron, 2015; Gennetian, 2012; Webb, 2012), Process that prepares a young person to meet the challenges of adolescence and adulthood and achieve his or her full potential, Activities and experiences that help youth develop social, ethical, emotional, physical, and cognitive competencies, Programs demonstrate a positive effect on youth school achievement, motivation and social behavior, especially for boys, Educational development opportunities for youth, School-based centers for disadvantaged young people, Community-based mentoring programs (e.g., Big Brothers Big Sisters of America; 4-H Clubs), Rehabilitative and violence prevention programs, Support efforts of other youth, adults, communities, government agencies, and schools to provide opportunities for youth to enhance their interests, skills, and abilities, Support policies and legislation that advance youth development, Inject ideas and information about youth development into communications with lawmakers, Become an expert on the dynamic challenges in the youth development policy field, Affords the wage earner and their family the most basic costs of living without need for government support or poverty programs, Policies that provide additional income can be effective in improving health, Support federal, state, and local minimum wage campaigns, An assurance that an individual will keep his or her job without the risk of becoming unemployed, Job security offers greater economic security and increased ability to accumulate wealth, enabling individuals to obtain healthcare when needed, to provide themselves and their families with more nutritious foods, and to live in safer and healthier homes and neighborhoods with supermarkets, parks and places to exercise—all of which can promote good health by making it easier to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors, Support policies and programs that increase education and job training opportunities, Support policies that maintain employment security after the birth or adoption of a child or other major life event, Workplace free of known health and safety hazards to reduce the risk of accidental injury, death, or disease, Lower-paying jobs are associated with more occupational hazards, including environmental and chemical exposures (e.g., pesticides, asbestos) and poor working conditions (e.g., shift work with few breaks, potentially harmful tools) that put them at higher risk of injury and fatality, Workplace safety laws (e.g., Occupational Safety and Health Act [OSHA]), Support labor laws that ensure employers enforce safety standards for employees, Highest degree of education an individual has completed, A powerful and valid predictor of SES, long-term health and well-being, and quality of life, Plays a significant role to shape employment opportunities and increasing social and personal resources, Increased educational attainment leads to better employment opportunities and higher income, which are linked with better health, Supplemental funding for public education, Higher Education Affordability programs such as (e.g., College Bound Scholarships), Recruitment and retention of adult students, Support educational attainment policies such as Student Achievement Councils, Promote workforce training and employment services, Support Title 1 of the Workforce Investment Act, Support legislation addressing entrepreneurship education at the K-12 level, (Aron, 2015; Marr, Huang, Sherman, & DeBot, 2015; Osypuk et al., 2014; Webb, 2012; Wicks-Lim & Arno, 2017), The unequal distribution of income and opportunity between advantaged and disadvantaged groups in society, Inequalities in income/wealth, education, nutrition, and healthcare access contribute to health inequities, Universal health benefits/expanded health insurance, Support family income supplementation programs and policies, A person's standing or importance in relation to other people within a society, The relative rank that an individual holds, with attendant rights, duties, and lifestyle, in a social hierarchy based upon honor or prestige, Social status is linked to health outcomes; as social status increases, health and health outcomes improve, Support maternal, child, and youth development policies and programs, Support education and job training policies and programs, (Acevedo-Garcia et al., 2004; Bambra, 2010; Ludwig et al., 2011), Affordable dwelling is one that a household can obtain for 30 percent or less of its income. 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